IBD Curriculum Topic 2.1
IBD Curriculum Topic 3.2
Ulcerative colitis (UC) describes continuous mucosal inflammation involving the rectum and a variable extent of the colon. Although a lifelong disease, it is characterized by periods of relapse and remission. There is no cure, so treatment aims to minimize symptoms by inducing disease remission.
The onset is usually insidious. Symptoms may be present for months prior to presentation. 15% present with severe UC. Extra-intestinal manifestationsoccur in 10% at presentation. Despite treatment, UC interferes with work and leisure activity in the majority.